1. Capernaum, a city of 1,000 or less at the time, became Jesus’ home base aer his was rejected in Nazareth (Matthew
4:13). Perhaps his moved there to be away from Herod Antipas who imprisoned and later murdered John the Baptist
in his frontier fortress, Machaerus (on the Jordan side of the Sea of Galilee). Mark 1:30 includes that Peter’s mother
in law had a home in Capernaum. Luke 8:3 says that many female disciples assisted Jesus’ ministry monetarily and
working alongside the apostles. ree are mentioned by name across the Gospels—Mary Magdala, Jonna and Susanna.
Perhaps Susanna, hosted “the home” for Jesus in Capernaum, as I do not think the others held a permanent address in
Capernaum. I assume Joanna lived near Herod Antipas’ palace as her husband, Chuza, was Herod’s steward; and Mary
Magdalene was from Magdala (but she may have moved to Capernaum when Jesus did). e scriptures do not tell us
where in Capernaum, or to whom “the home” belonged.
2. Josephus, Against Apion. 2.25. Jacob Neusner, e Economics of the Mishnah (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press,
1990), 27. “One should train for the job all those who are employed on the estate, whether slaves or children or women.”
David Sedley, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, XXV (Oxford, England: Oxford University,winter 2003), 213. Philo,
A Volume of Questions and Solutions to Questions which arise in Genesis, I.29.
3. According to tradition, the little child called to Jesus was 3-year-old St. Ignatius (Catholics claim his followed Peter as
Bishop of Antioch until his martyrdom in Rome under Trajan
4. Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus, 23:7–15; 42:10–11.
5. Philo of Alexandria, Pieter Willem van der Horst, trans., Philo’s Flaccus: e First Pogrom (Boston, MA: Brill, 2003),
70. e quote includes: “[Women] were always kept in seclusion and did not even appear at the house-door, and their
unmarried daughters, who were conned to the women’s quarter, women who for modesty’s sake shunned the eyes of men,
even their closest relatives.”
6. Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus, 22:6; 30:1, 2, 12; “He who disciplines his son will nd prot in him.”
7. Avraham Steinberg, ed., Encyclopedia of Jewish Medical Ethics (Jerusalem, Israel: Feldheim, 2003), 682.
8. Reta H. Finger, Of Widows and Meals: Communal Meals in the Book of Acts (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2007), 100.
Also see, Daniel Sperber, Roman Palestine 200–400, the Land: Crisis and Change in Agrarian Society as Reected in Rab-
binic Sources (Tel Aviv, Israel: Bar-Ilan University, 1978).
9. Richard N, Holzapfel, Eric D. Huntsman, omas A. Wayment, Jesus Christ and the World of the New Testament (SLC,
UT: Deseret Book, 2006), 117.
10. Strong, Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, 81; Greek dictionary for “oend/skandalizo.”
11. Heber J. Grant wrote an ocial rst presidency statement to children included
12. Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 1:54.
13. Harold B. Lee,e Teachings of Harold B. Lee, edited by Clyde J. Williams (Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcra, 1996), 58-59.
14. Hite, New Testament with JST, 102.
15. John W. and Jeannie S. Welch, e Parables of Jesus: revealing the Plan of Salvation (American Fork: UT, Covenant Com-